It is an ancient city that has survived to this day and an open-air museum. The Temple of Artemis, one of the wonders of the world, was built here in the 8th century BC. But the temple was destined for an unhappy fate - one man, a resident of the city, dreamed of going down in history and that his name would live for centuries. And his name was Herostratus and his name is really still remembered by descendants. But he became famous not for achievement, discovery or victory. He burned down the temple. The Ephesians sentenced him to death and decided never to mention his name. There is a legend or maybe a fiction, but it is he who very accurately reflects the whole essence of the decree not to mention the name of Herostratus: children were woken up in the middle of the night and asked: "Whose name should we never mention and forget? -" The name of Herostratus "- answered sleepy children. But seriously, Theopompus, the ancient Greek historian who told about the crime of Herostratus, thus preserved his name for posterity. The expression "Herostratus glory" became winged, denoting glory equal to eternal shame.
Ephesus is home to the largest antique amphitheater in the territory of Ancient Anatolia. It can accommodate 24,000 people and is functional because it retains good acoustics.
One of the most beautiful buildings in Ephesus is the ancient library of Celsus, built and named after Tiberius Julius Celsus. The library was considered one of the richest in the number of scrolls kept i it.
In Ephesus, next to the baths of Shalastika and opposite the library of Celsus, there was a lupanarium (Latin lupae - "she-wolf") or "House of Love". According to the legend, you had to put your foot against this stop-measure and put a coin in the groove - if you are already an adult and wealthy client, then the way to this institution is open for you. It is the imprint of the left foot and, as an option, it is from there that the expression "go to the left" has gone.
I wonder if spintria were used to pay for services in this lupanaria? Spintria - brothel marks or coin-shaped tokens made of silver and bronze, used as a means of internal payment in Lupanaria in the cities of Ancient Rome. On one side of the spintria, Roman numerals were indicated, but on the other, images of people in various poses.